Thyroid nodules can be benign or malignant:
The following are the major types of thyroid cancer:
If thyroid cancer spreads outside the thyroid, cancer cells are often found in nearby lymph nodes, nerves, or blood vessels, or to other organs, such as the lungs or bones.Treatments and Procedures
If the diagnosis is thyroid cancer, the doctor needs to know the stage, or extent, of the disease to plan the best thyroid cancer treatment. Staging is a careful attempt to learn whether the cancer has spread and, if so, to what parts of the body.
The doctor may use a nuclear medicine scan of the entire body, such as a radionuclide scan known as the "diagnostic I-131 whole body scan," or other imaging tests to learn whether thyroid cancer has spread to distant sites.
Depending on the type and stage, thyroid cancer may be treated with.