Variceal bleed - UGI scopy + variceal band ligation

Variceal bleeding is a life-threatening condition often associated with advanced liver disease and portal hypertension. It involves bleeding from varices, which are enlarged veins in the esophagus or stomach. The primary method for diagnosing and treating a variceal bleed is an Upper Gastrointestinal (UGI) endoscopy, during which a procedure called variceal band ligation (VBL) is commonly performed.