The term gyneconcological surgeries describes surgical treatments done on the female reproductive system. A variety of disorders affecting the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, cervix, and other reproductive organs are addressed by these surgeries, which can be diagnostic, therapeutic, or cosmetic in nature.

Staging laparotomy

A staging laparotomy, sometimes referred to as an exploratory laparotomy, is a surgical procedure used to determine the degree and distribution of cancer in the abdominal cavity. It is frequently utilized in the staging of gynecological cancers like Ovarian and Endometrial (Uterine) Cancers.


Radical hysterectomy

Gynecological cancer can be treated through a radical hysterectomy, which involves taking out the uterus, cervix, part of the vagina, and surrounding tissues, particularly in early-stage cervical cancer and some cases of endometrial or ovarian cancer.

Extrafascial hysterectomy

An extrafascial hysterectomy is a surgical procedure that involves removing the uterus and cervix while preserving nearby supportive structures like fascia, ligaments, and connective tissues. It differs from a radical hysterectomy, which involves the removal of additional tissues surrounding the uterus.

Pelvic lymph node dissection

Pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) is a surgical method that involves removing lymph nodes from the pelvic area. It’s done for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes, often during cancer treatment. An incision is made in the lower abdomen or groin area to access the nodes, which are sent to a pathology lab to investigate if cancer cells are present.