8. Rectal prolapse

It is a medical condition that is most common in females, where the end part of the large intestine is pushed out of the anus due to the weakening of the perineal muscles. Most common in women with multiple childbirths, old age, cystic fibrosis, pelvic injury, chronic constipation, spinal cord injury, and persistent cough.

Symptoms include having a feeling of tissue bulging out through the anus. The most common way patients complain is as “something dropping out” while passing stools, which can be pushed back.

Diagnosis is done by Anal Electromyography (EMG), Colonoscopy, Lower GI Series (Barium enema), Defecography, Anorectal Manometry.