6. Fistula in ano:

Fistula in ano is a medical condition that involves the formation of the tract from the anus to the skin; this can be because of infection and results in the formation of an abscess. The treatment includes a surgical procedure that involves the removal of the tract. Surgical procedures include:


This is the most common surgical procedure to remove a Fistula. During the procedure, a small incision is made near the fistula, and the tract is opened to allow it to heal from the inner to the outer side.

Seton Placement:

A seton is a thin piece of material inserted into the fistulous tract and left in place for a few weeks to allow the tissue to heal. This is generally done in cases of complex fistulas and deeper fistulas.

LIFT procedure:

The LIFT (Ligation of the intersphincteric Fistula Tract) procedure is considered a minimally invasive surgical method to treat complex fistulas. During the LIFT procedure, a small incision is made, and the tissue surrounding the fistula is removed to create a clean channel for healing.

Fistula Plug Surgery:

In order to facilitate healing, a tiny biodegradable plug is placed into the channel during a fistula plug surgery.This technique is often used in simple fistulas and healthy surrounding tissue.