1. Laparoscopic hernia repair:

A hernia usually happens in your abdomen or groin when one of your organs pushes through the muscle or tissue that contains it. It may look like an odd bulge that comes and goes during different activities or in different positions.

It may or may not cause symptoms such as discomfort or pain. Most hernias eventually will need surgical repair. Hernia repair can be done by open or laparoscopic procedures. Laparoscopy enables early recovery, less hospital stay, minimal bleeding and infections, short duration of surgery and early return to home.

The hernias that can be repaired laparoscopically are femoral, umbilical, inguinal, incisional, diaphragmatic and hiatal hernia. After a thorough evaluation of blood and cardiac status, pre-anaesthetic checkup, and informed written consent, surgery is to be planned.

Postoperative care includes avoiding strain on the abdominal muscles by avoiding constipation and chronic cough and taking minor precautions like avoiding lifting heavy weights, climbing multiple stairs, etc.