Bladder Cancer Treatment
- Urothelial carcinoma (transitional cell carcinoma): This is by far the most common type of bladder cancer. The so-called transitional cells are normal cells that form the innermost lining of the bladder wall. In transitional cell carcinoma, these normal lining cells undergo changes that lead to the uncontrolled cell growth characteristic of cancer.
- Squamous cell carcinoma: These cancers originate from the thin, flat cells that typically form as a result of bladder inflammation or irritation that has taken place for many months or years.
- Adenocarcinoma: These cancers form from cells that make up glands. Glands are specialized structures that produce and release fluids such as mucus.
Bladder Cancer Treatment in India
Bladder cancer treatment Standard therapies for bladder cancer include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy or biological therapy.
- Surgery: Surgery is by far the most widely used treatment for bladder cancer. The types of surgery are as follows:
- Transurethral resection with fulguration: In this operation, an instrument (resectoscope) is inserted through the urethra and into the bladder. A small wire loop on the end of the instrument then removes the tumor by cutting it or burning it with electrical current (fulguration).
- Radical cystectomy: In this operation, the entire bladder is removed, as well as its surrounding lymph nodes and other structures that may contain cancer. Occasionally, the bladder is removed to relieve severe urinary symptoms.
- Segmental or partial cystectomy: In this operation, part of the bladder is removed. This is usually performed for solitary low-grade tumors.
- Radiation Therapy: Radiation is a high-energy ray that kills cancer cells and normal cells in its path. Radiation may be given for small muscle-invasive bladder cancers. It is commonly used as an alternative approach to surgery. Either of two types of radiation can be used. However, for greatest therapeutic efficacy, it should be given in conjunction with chemotherapy.
- Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is the use of powerful drugs to kill cancer. In bladder cancer, chemotherapy may be given alone or with surgery or radiation therapy or both. It may be given before or after the other therapies. Chemotherapy can usually be given in the oncologist's office, but it may require a stay in the hospital.
- Immunotherapy or Biological Therapy: Biological therapy takes advantage of the body's natural ability to fight cancer. Your immune system forms substances in the blood that work against "invaders," such as abnormal cells (that is, cancer cells). Sometimes, the immune system becomes overwhelmed by the very aggressive cancer cells. Biological therapy, or immunotherapy, helps bolster the immune system in its fight against the cancer.
Similar to all cancers, bladder cancer treatment uses latest technologies. Advanced technology has made it possible both to detect bladder cancer earlier and devise the best treatment options. Multiple imaging tools, including intravenous pyelogram (IVP), ultrasound, computerized tomography (CT) scans, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), provide very detailed images of the bladder, uncovering masses and allowing physicians to precisely tailor treatment options and recommendations.
Once doctors establish the diagnosis, further tests are performed, including the following:
The oncology clinic is comprised of physicians dedicated to treating bladder cancer and metastases to the system with the latest technology. Because our physicians are specialists in oncology, hematology, medical oncology, surgical oncology, radiation oncology and urologic oncology, you can rest assured you’re receiving the best care available. We work with specialists in other areas of care when necessary to give you a comprehensive approach to treatment of bladder cancer. OMEGA offers the latest and most advanced cancer treatments in India.